Collio is a small southward-facing area forming a sort of half moon, spreading out from Gorizia to Dolegna and bordering with Slovenia in the north. Situated at the heart of this area, Cormòns is called the Friulian wine capital. Since the Middle Ages this area has been known for its excellent wines which once were served at the best tables in Europe, from Vienna to Moscow, from London to the Vatican. Today the Collio wines are famous throughout the world. The terrain of the DOC Collio area is characterised by gentle slopes and the Flysch of Cormòns, consisting of a sequence of sandstone and marl, rich in limestone, potassium and phosphorous, giving the wine of this area its unique connotation. The Flysch typically tends to crumble and therefore requires the construction of terraces, which have thus become a distinctive feature of the Collio landscape. The average temperature over the last ten years was 13.3°C (17.8° from April to October), with 1317 mm rainfall in 144 days plus a solar radiation of 101.646 Kcal/sqcm for a total of 1950 hours of sunshine.
The Friuli DOC area takes its name from the clear waters of the Italian river Isonzo, whose source lies in the Julian Alps. It runs fast through clefts and ravines and finally slows its pace in Gorizia, fertilizing the rich Isonzo plain to the sea of Grado. Along the banks of this river, which was called “Frigidus” (cold) by the Romans, the tradition of wine growing has left traces that are thousands of years old. This piece of land, where also the Judrio, Torre and Versa rivers run, is home to wonderful white wines as well as excellent red wines. The terrain of the Friuli Isonzo DOC area is incredibly diverse: the countryside around Cormons and Gradisca in the north is mainly made of calcareous soil, rich in mineral compounds and hence ideal for wine growing; another strip of this terrain is characterised by floodplains and soils at the foot of the hills and is home to wonderful white wines and the beautiful town of Cormòns. The gravelly terrain of “Grave dell’Isonzo” is ideal for white and red wines alike. Depending on the specific areas, the average temperature over the last 10 years ranged from 13.1 to 13.6° (17.8° from April to October), with 1167.5 mm rainfall in 136 days and an amount of solar radiation of 97.790 kilocalories per square centimetre, for a total of 1864 hours of sunshine.
FRIULI COLLI ORIENTALI
The DOC area of Friuli Colli Orientali (Eastern Hills of Friuli) is a vast tongue of land including the hilly terrain in the province of Udine, spreading out from Corno di Rosazzo to Nimis, well known for its Verduzzo. The two-thousand-year-old wine growing tradition has its roots in Cividale, a wonderful Roman town which was the capital of the Lombard Duchy in the Middle Ages. The terrain of the Colli Orientali del Friuli is also characterised by the “Flysch of Cormòns” consisting of a sequence of sandstone and marl. Marl, or “ponca” in the Friulian dialect, is rich in limestone, potassium and phosphorous and therefore offers the best conditions for growing wine grapes on hill sites. In the area of Colli Orientali the rainfall tends to increase from Cividale to Ramandolo. The average ten-year temperature is 13.3° Celsius, while the average annual rainfall is 1393.2 mm in 163 days. The amount of solar radiation is 107.316 kilocalories per square centimetre, for a total of 2058 hours of sunshine.